Three-Dimensional Circulation Modeling of the Coastal and Ocean Environmentsby Keh-Han Wang, Univ of Houston, Houston, United States,
Abstract: Incursion of the loop current, a meandering feature of Gulf of Mexico large-scale circulation, may produce large hydrodynamic forces on the offshore structures. The present study is to develop a curvilinear three-dimensional multi-layered hydrodynamic model to predict the overall circulation process and movement of the loop current. The interactions between loop current and other ocean environmental factors are also studied. This model solves full Navier-Stokes equations in a curvilinear-grid system, where the nonlinear, diffusion, baroclinic and coriolis terms are included. The influences of wind stresses, tides, stratification, bathymetry and the existing offshore structures are considered in this model. The model is calibrated by comparing with the field measurements at several water bodies.
Subject Headings: Three-dimensional models | Ocean engineering | Water circulation | Offshore structures | Coastal environment | Hydrologic models | Ocean currents | Mathematical models | Hydrodynamics | Gulf of Mexico
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