Bulk Commodity Terminals—Planning for the Future Competitive and Environmental Challengesby Gordon W. Zonailo, Sandwell Inc, Vancouver, Canada,
Abstract: The demand upon all industries for better protection of the environment is increasing and the regulations and permit requirements are changing rapidly. Bulk commodity terminal operators and their designers face increasing challenges in meeting stringent regulations and maintaining competitive handling tariffs. This paper presents an overview of the typical planning, environmental and operational issues faced by the bulk terminal operators and some of the latest technology for reduction of air, waste water and noise emissions from typical bulk terminal operations such as railcar and truck loading/unloading, stockpiling and reclaim systems, covered and open storage, and shiploading/unloading systems. Current practices for handling a number of bulk commodities including coal, potash, sulphur, bulk fertilizers, cement, and grain are presented.
Subject Headings: Freight transportation | Noise pollution | Water pollution | Water reclamation | Emissions | Industries | Permits
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