Planning/Analysis of VPA's Norfolk North Terminalby Thomas Ward, Liftech Consultants Inc, Oakland, United States,
Richard A. Woodman, Liftech Consultants Inc, Oakland, United States,
Bernardo de Castilho, Liftech Consultants Inc, Oakland, United States,
Abstract: The Virginia Port Authority (VPA) is developing a new marine container terminal on the northern portion of its land at Norfolk International Terminals (NIT). The terminal is to be designed for a throughput of 300,000 containers per year at full development and is to incorporate many advanced technologies to improve productivity and cost efficiency. The traditional planning process for the new terminal generated a wide range of possible operating schemes using different types of container handling equipment and storage methods. The proposed schemes involved different equipment productivities and storage densities, as well as capital, labor and maintenance costs. Sophisticated computer simulation models were used to establish the amount of equipment and labor required to achieve adequate performance for each operating scheme. An economic analysis was made of the costs for terminal development, equipment purchase and operation, and labor. The various operating schemes were compared quantitatively and the best overall scheme was recommended for development.
Subject Headings: Container shipping | Equipment and machinery | Computer models | Labor | Economic factors | Land use | Marine terminals | North America | Virginia | United States
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