Port of Ningbo Master Planby Bruno Garunkstis, Parsons Brinckerhoff Int, New York City, United States,
Abstract: The Port of Ningbo, one of China's main seaports, is located about midpoint on China's coastline, some 160 kilometers south of Shanghai, China's largest port. The broad region served by the Port of Ningbo includes the provinces of Zhejiang (in which Ningbo is located). Jiangsu, Anhai, Hubei, Hunan and Jianxi and the Shanghai Municipality as shown Figure 1. This region, with a 1988 population of 320 million, is one of China's most productive and prosperous areas. Its existing transportation infrastructure, however, has limited facilities and suffers from capacity constraints, which create bottlenecks in cargo transport and hinder progress of containerization. Important steps which are being taken to improve the situation are expected to result in a free-flowing inland transportation service by the year 2000. In 1990 Ningbo Port's three harbor districts handled 25.5 million tons of cargo, a 15-percent increase over 22.1 million tons handled in 1989. In anticipation of projected large increases in future cargo traffic, the port has initiated a large scale expansion program intended to strengthen its position as one of China's principal cargo gateways into the 21st century. This paper describes the approach used in a study which defined the future regional role of the Port of Ningbo and presents a master plan for its expansion.
Subject Headings: Ports and harbors | Freight transportation | Traffic congestion | Existing buildings | Shores | Infrastructure | Freight terminals | Local government | China | Asia | Shanghai | Jiangsu | Zhejiang | Hubei | Hunan
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