A Three-Dimensional Simulation of Buoyancy and Wind-Induced Circulation and Mixing in the New York Bight

by Kwang-W. You, Stevens Inst Tech., Hoboken, United States,
Lie-Yauw Oey, Stevens Inst Tech., Hoboken, United States,
Yan-H. Zhang, Stevens Inst Tech., Hoboken, United States,
Ping Chen, Stevens Inst Tech., Hoboken, United States,
H.-T. Jo, Stevens Inst Tech., Hoboken, United States,
James Manning, Stevens Inst Tech., Hoboken, United States,
Richard Patchen, Stevens Inst Tech., Hoboken, United States,
James Herring, Stevens Inst Tech., Hoboken, United States,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Estuarine and Coastal Modeling

Abstract: A three-dimensional simulation of the circulation and mixing in the New York Bight has been conducted, forced by (i) wind stress for the year 1987 and monthly-mean heat fluxes at the sea surface; (ii) monthly-mean river discharges into the Hudson-Raritan estuary; and (iii) M2 tides, monthly-mean climatological temperature and salinity, southwestward mean transport, and the associated sea-level tilts along the seaward outer boundary. Preliminary model/observation comparison shows that the simulation can produce fairly realistic response despite limitation of the forcing data along the open boundary. We also describe the dynamics of wind and buoyancy interaction and have tracked particles under different seasons. It is concluded that pollutants are more likely `beached' along the New Jersey shore during the spring and summer seasons.

Subject Headings: Buoyancy | Wind forces | Water circulation | Three-dimensional models | Water pollution | Sediment transport | Wind engineering | Data processing | Estuaries | Domain boundary | North America | United States | New York | New Jersey

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