The Use of Road Impact Fees in the United Statesby James C. Nicholas, Univ of Florida, Gainesville, United States,
Abstract: The roads of American cities have been subjected to ever increasing traffic while maintenance and improvement programs have lagged. The result have been deterioration of roads and brisges, and increasing congestion. The resourses made available to the nations transportation system have not been sufficient even to maintain this existing stock let alone keeping up with need. While actual taxes paid have rarely, if ever actually fallen, all levels of government have found insufficient revenues to meet the desired levels of spending. Within a general context of tax limitations, taxes have been increased. Motor fuel taxes have been increasing at an annual rate of 13% per year(combined state and federal). These increases have been insufficient. Clearly additional resourses are needed. The issue is what will be the source, of these funds. One commonly used means is assessments on new development--impact fees.
Subject Headings: Highways and roads | Fees | Taxation | Traffic models | Traffic signals | Traffic surveys | Payment | Computer models | North America | United States
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