Mitigation of Adverse Environmental Effects on Lunar-Based Astronomical Instruments

by Charles L. Johnson, NASA/Marshall Space Flight Cent, Huntsville, United States,
Kurtis L. Dietz, NASA/Marshall Space Flight Cent, Huntsville, United States,
T. W. Armstrong, NASA/Marshall Space Flight Cent, Huntsville, United States,
B. L. Colborn, NASA/Marshall Space Flight Cent, Huntsville, United States,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Engineering, Construction, and Operations in Space III

Abstract: The galactic cosmic-ray flux incident on the Moon was examined for its potential adverse impact on the performance of the large lunar telescope (LLT) proposed as a part of NASA's Space Exploration Initiative (SEI). Noise produced by the cosmic-ray flux in the charge coupled devices to be used as the primary photodetector in the telescope was estimated. It was calculated that approximately 2.5 m of regolith would provide the shielding necessary to reduce the noise to an acceptable level. Dust is an omnipresent environmental concern for any human-assisted or robotic scientific instruments deployed on the Moon. The degree to which dust poses an operational risk to the telescope was examined. Three potential methods for reducing this risk were identified: locating scientific instruments at remote locations; utilizing a prepared, dust-free site for all rocket activities; and covering the optics during high-risk times.

Subject Headings: Telescopes | Dust | Moon | Environmental issues | Risk management | Federal government | Space exploration | Coupling

Services: Buy this book/Buy this article

 

Return to search