Chemical Analysis in Space Exploration: A Lunar-based Chemical Analysis Laboratory (LBCAL)by Mitchell K. Hobish, Vectrix Corp, Baltimore, United States,
Charles W. Gehrke, Vectrix Corp, Baltimore, United States,
Cyril Ponnamperuma, Vectrix Corp, Baltimore, United States,
Robert W. Zumwalt, Vectrix Corp, Baltimore, United States,
Abstract: Many questions need to be answered before humans can be supported for extended periods in space - an environment inimical to terrestrial life. While some questions of a physiological nature may be addressed by space station programs, other lend themselves most readily to a lunar-based mode. A continuously inhabited base on the lunar surface will require analytical systems to monitor the physiological status of the occupants, the condition and performance of life support systems, and to provide support for both basic and applied sciences. Analytical capabilities will also be needed to assess and utilize lunar resources, and to support chemical evolution, and planetological studies, as well. In many cases the technology and instrumentation requirements will be complementary and serve a number of the components and functions.
Subject Headings: Space colonies | Chemicals | Space life support systems | Space stations | System analysis | Laboratory tests | Human factors
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