Thermal Load for p-Version Laminated Elementsby Pabitra K. Saha, Alabama A&M Univ, Normal, United States,
Nesar U. Ahmed, Alabama A&M Univ, Normal, United States,
Gautam Saha, Alabama A&M Univ, Normal, United States,
Abstract: A p-version finite element formulation is presented for determining temperature stresses in laminated composite axisymmetric problems. Formulation for a rectangular axisymmetric p-version element is discussed and detailed derivation of the temperature load vector given. Numerical examples using this p-version model are presented and are found to be in excellent agreement with closed form analytical solution.
Subject Headings: Thermal loads | Laminated materials | Finite element method | Load factors | Temperature effects | Axisymmetry | Vector analysis
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