Contact-Free IC Cards for New Railway Ticket Systems

by Shigeo Miki, Railway Technical Research Inst, Tokyo, Japan,
Noboru Nagai, Railway Technical Research Inst, Tokyo, Japan,
Hiroshi Matsubara, Railway Technical Research Inst, Tokyo, Japan,
Hideaki Yoshino, Railway Technical Research Inst, Tokyo, Japan,
Koichi Goto, Railway Technical Research Inst, Tokyo, Japan,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Applications of Advanced Technologies in Transportation Engineering

Abstract: Two types of smart cards which can communicate with an automatic gate machine without contact are developed. The first one uses medium wave radio as communication media. The microprocessor in the card shares the logic with the gate program whether it can go through a gate, thus giving an open ended ticket without changing the program of gate machine. Another type uses microwave for communication. The card is suitable for an urban area season ticket where the large number of commuters go through the gate every day. The contact-freeness brings the new relation between passengers and railway company. Thus a new ticket system named customer-based system could be constructed, whereas the conventional system may be called trip-based system.

Subject Headings: Rail transportation | Equipment and machinery | Data processing | Communication systems | Data collection | Automation | Microwaves | Urban areas

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