Elevated Water Tank Inelastic Seismic Analysisby Laurel Harrington, Seattle Water Dep, Seattle, United States,
C. W. Roeder, Seattle Water Dep, Seattle, United States,
Abstract: In 1988, the Seattle Water Department hired CYGNA, a consulting firm, to assess the seismic reliability of their water system, since major earthquakes can occur in the area. Their study included elastic analyses to determine the earthquake resistance of elevated steel water tanks. Magnolia Bluff tank, a radial cone bottom tank built in 1947 with a capacity of 1 million gallons, is typical of these tanks. Elastic analyses are sometimes not a good indicator of inelastic response. Thus, the inelastic analysis presented in this paper was performed to evaluate the inelastic response and compare it to the predicted elastic behavior. Force versus deflection curves based on the deflection of the center of mass of the tank were computed. This approach allowed the tank to be analyzed as a single degree of freedom system, while still accounting for both brace and frame action.
Subject Headings: Water tanks | Elastic analysis | Inelasticity | Seismic tests | Seismic effects | Load and resistance factor design | Steel structures | Storage tanks | Water supply systems | Earthquakes | Washington | North America | United States
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