Gas Transfer at Hydraulic Structures

by
Task Committee on Gas Transfer at Hydraulic Structures, Technical Committee on Hydraulic Structures, ASCE


Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Air-Water Mass Transfer

Abstract:

The objective of this paper is to identify and briefly summarize the state-of-the-art in measuring and describing gas transfer at hydraulic structures. Basic theory of mass transfer at the air-water interface is presented. The physical processes at hydraulic structures, such as air entrainment and turbulent mixing, open channel flow, closed-conduit (two-phase) flow, and effects of sub- and super-atmospheric pressures, that significantly impact gas transfer are identified. The fluid mechanics of flow at a variety of hydraulic structures are reviewed with their impact on gas transfer noted. Existing data and current measurement, evaluation, and predictive techniques are identified.



Subject Headings: Gas flow | Air flow | Pressurized flow | Stratified flow | Turbulent flow | Fluid flow | Hydraulic structures | Open channel flow

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