Site Layout: Where Should it Go?by Iris D. Tommelein, Univ of Michigan, Ann Arbor, United States,
Abstract: Site layout is mostly treated as a task independent of other resource allocation tasks such as those that are traditionally associated with construction planning and scheduling. Yet, the effective organization of a project depends to a large degree on spatial interactions between static and dynamic resources on a site, thus one may benefit from incorporating spatial planning with project planning. Maintaining a spatial representation of the site as construction progresses may also be useful for other monitoring and control tasks. In this paper, I first review how spatial data is or may be used during planning and construction of a project. While some applications are common, others have not be identified before. Second, I describe pragmatic issues that need to be addressed by models capturing spatial data. I then propose a layout model to serve as the foundation for integrating spatial data from multiple sources. A prototype system, named MovePlan, is presented. MovePlan is an interactive system for studying the Move-ment of facilities during Plan-ning, but the program can also be used during construction for on-site materials management. It thus takes the interpretation of the layout task beyond its traditional meaning. The conclusions include topics for future research in the more broadly defined 'site layout' area.
Subject Headings: Construction sites | Spatial data | Data processing | Interactive systems | Industrial facilities | Computer models | Scheduling
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