Numerical Model Development for Oil Spill Dispersion into the Marine Environmentby Kisaburo Nakata, Natl Research Inst for Pollution and, Resources, Tsukuba, Japan,
Seiichi Kanamaki, Natl Research Inst for Pollution and, Resources, Tsukuba, Japan,
Takashi Kojima, Natl Research Inst for Pollution and, Resources, Tsukuba, Japan,
Abstract: A 3-D oil spill model was developed to study the behaviour of heavy spilled oil in the sea. The model could describe the behaviour on the spilled oil on the sea surface, throughout the water column and sedimentation process on the bottom, by using the empirical formula derived from the laboratory experiments. The model results show that the spilled oil could settle on the sea bottom, if the specific gravity of spilled oil increased due to fire, adsorption of the heavy component of oil to the suspended matter and emulsifying process.
Subject Headings: Hazardous materials spills | Three-dimensional models | Seas and oceans | Terrain models | Model analysis | Hydrologic models | Sediment | Numerical models
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