Health Benefits From the Use of Appropriate Technologies in Water Supply and Sanitationby Steven A. Esrey, Macdonald College of McGill Univ, Ste Anne de Bellvue, Canada,
Philip W. Roark, Macdonald College of McGill Univ, Ste Anne de Bellvue, Canada,
Abstract: Research on selected diseases in developing countries has found significant health impacts from water supply and sanitation interventions. Sanitation, personal and domestic hygiene, and drinking water are major interventions that interrupt transmission and reduce morbidity and mortality from specific diseases. Health improvements are related primarily to the manner in which combinations of technologies and supporting programs are installed and the characteristics of the people for whom the intervention is targeted. Recommendations are provided for project designers to maximize the health benefits from water supply and sanitation development.
Subject Headings: Water supply | Diseases | Developing countries | Drinking water | Power transmission | Sanitary engineering | Social factors
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