Field Verification of Diffuser Performanceby Stephen R. Rives, EA Engineering Science and, Technology, Sparks, United States,
Abstract: Effluent diffusers are used to gain relief from end-of-pipe acute toxicity criteria in NPDES water quality-based discharge permitting. Regulatory agencies require that the dilution provided by a diffuser be demonstrated through field measurements and/or numerical modeling. It is important that field measurements yield an estimate of flux-averaged dilution so comparisons with numerical diffuser models can be made.
Subject Headings: Water discharge | Diffusion (fluid) | Numerical models | Dilution | Effluents | Water quality | Fluid flow | Water pollution
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