Groundwater Models and Aquifer Restoration: An Overviewby Edward Z. Hosseinipour, AScI Corp, Athens, United States,
Abstract: In recent years, as the demand for water has increased, groundwater mining has intensified. Data on water use indicate that this trend will continue in the future, and competition is likely to increase for even marginal-quality water in some regions. As a consequence of rapid development of groundwater resources to meet the demand, more field exploration has been conducted and, in the process, many contaminated aquifers have been identified. The extent of groundwater pollution is such that every state in the USA, and almost every country in the world has reported some groundwater contamination. In response to the problem posed by the pollution, a number of groundwater flow/transport and management models have been developed to facilitate analysis and selection of appropriate remedial measures. This paper presents an overview of groundwater modeling, different phases of a remediation action, steps required in groundwater modeling, and an evaluation of the utility of models in the decision- making process.
Subject Headings: Hydrologic models | Groundwater pollution | Groundwater management | Aquifers | Water resources | Groundwater | Remediation | Subsurface flow | Groundwater flow | North America | United States
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