Development of Small Hydro in Ontarioby Guirish S. Sardesai, Ontario Ministry of Natural, Resources, Toronto, Canada,
Abstract: Ontario is Canada's most populous Province with approximately 10 million residents, representing 40 per cent of the country's population. The electricity needs of the Province are met primarily by Ontario Hydro, a government-owned corporation established in 1909. The existing system capacity, including the plants which will be fully operational by 1993, is approximately 32,500 MW, consisting of 43% nuclear, 37% fossil-fuelled and 20% hydraulic. The Provincial Government is committed to waterpower development and has established a number of programs designed to encourage and promote activity in this area. The incentives include provincial subsidies, exemptions from waterpower rentals, long-term guarantees of land tenures and power purchases, etc. These incentives have resulted in a significant increase in interest, particularly from the private sector. The Ministry of Natural Resources has the lead role in establishing the direction of future development of small hydro in Ontario. This paper provides an outline of the Small Hydro Program and the benefits derived by the Province by stimulating this sector of the economy.
Subject Headings: Power plants | Electric power | Hydro power | Water resources | Government | Non-renewable energy | Existing buildings | Corporations | North America | Canada | Ontario
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