Evaluation of the City of Venice Urban Reuse Programby David K. Ammerman, Camp Dresser & McKee Inc, Sarasota, United States,
Richard D. Moore, Camp Dresser & McKee Inc, Sarasota, United States,
Abstract: The City of Venice is located on the Gulf of Mexico in west central Florida. With a mild sub-tropical climate and coastal location, the small community is a prime target for rapid development. Between 1970 and 1980 the population grew by almost 83 percent; growth slowed to about 20 percent during the 1980s and is expected to keep this pace throughout the 1990s. About 14,000 people live in Venice year-round, with seasonal residents swelling the population to over 20,000 during the winter months. Current potable water demands average 2.40 mgd (9.1 × 103 cubic meters per day). Reverse osmosis treatment of groundwater is required to provide adequate water quality for potable use in Venice. Due to high sulfides, the recovery rate of the City's RO process is only 50 percent. This paper will discuss the City's program to use approximately 2.0 mgd (7.6 × 103 cubic meters per day) of reclaimed water to supplement nonpotable users, primarily irrigation, currently using potable water or sources of potable supplies.
Subject Headings: Urban areas | Water reclamation | Water meters | Drinking water | Osmosis | Water quality | Venice | Italy | Europe | North America | Florida | Gulf of Mexico | United States
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