How to Pay for Coastal Protection: Governmental Approachesby Katherine E. Stone, Stone, Leitner & Carlisle, Los Angeles, United States,
Abstract: Beach erosion is a major problem in the United States, particularly in California. At the same time, coastal resource protection is becoming increasingly expensive as state and federal funding become less available to local governments. The sand on our beaches is a valuable resource, both for recreational purposes and as a buffer to prevent storms from causing severe property damage. California's beaches generate significant tourist revenues for state and local governments. Local governments can use their existing powers to obtain funding for beach stabilization projects. The natural coastal processes, local regulations and public trust concepts are the foundation of a rationale for a variety of methods for funding beach erosion control including taxes, fees, special assessments and public trust funds. Local government can derive revenues from its taxing power, its police power and income from its properties. All of these sources can be used to fund beach erosion control projects.
Subject Headings: Coastal processes | Beaches | Government | Erosion | Financing | Local government | Coastal management | Soil properties | Revenues | North America | United States | California
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