Evaluation of the National Coastal Zone Management Program

by David J. Brower, Univ of North Carolina at Chapel, Hill, United States,
David W. Owens, Univ of North Carolina at Chapel, Hill, United States,
Anna K. Schwab, Univ of North Carolina at Chapel, Hill, United States,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastal Zone '91

Abstract: The Federal Coastal Zone Management Act has gone through nearly two decades of evolution since it was first enacted in 1972. In that time 29 states and territories have chosen to participate in the program by formulating federally approved plansfor coastal related issues. The uniqueness of the Act lies in its voluntary nature and the flexibility it affords for using federal funds to manage local and state coastal waters. Most observers agree that the Coastal Zone Management Program has been widely successful. This study shows that the states and territories have taken the initiative, under federal guidance, to conserve and even enhance the character and intrinsic value of the nation's coastline.

Subject Headings: Coastal management | Federal government | Environmental issues | Sea water | Shores

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