Difficulties of Coastal Resources Management in Developing Countries Sri Lankan Experiencesby Anil Premaratne, Coast Conservation Dep, Maligawatte, Sri Lanka,
Abstract: Due to the pressure of overexploitation of coastal resources and use conflicts among the resource users, there is a growing need for integrated coastal management in developing coastal countries. As a result of various economic, social and political developments affecting the Sri lankan coast, problems such as coastal erosion, resource-use conflicts and degradation of valuable coastal habitat, have increased. These problems are now recognized at a national level. The conflicts and problems were discussed at ministerial level in 1977 and it was decided to set up a separate government institute to initiate a programme to address them. The separate institute established in 1978 was called the Coast Conservation Division: this later became a government department. As a legal supplement to the Department, the Coast Conservation Act was enacted in 1981 and this gave legal authority to the Coast Conservation Department (CCD). As a requirement of the Coast Conservation Act, a Coastal Zone Management Plan (CZMP) had to be prepared within three years of gazetting of the law. This was gazetted in October .
Subject Headings: Coastal management | Resource management | Coastal environment | Dispute resolution | Government | Environmental issues | Economic factors
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