Coastal Zone Management, National Implementable Plan and Policy Development—A Case Study of Phuket Islandby Ampan Pintukanok, Office of the National Environment, Board, Bangkok, Thailand,
Abstract: The Thailand Coastal Resources Management Project (CRMP) had been applied to Thailand since 1986 with aim to strengthen the Thai's capabilities in managing an integrated coastal resources. To develop the implementable plan, Phuket was designed as a pilot project for the CRM program application. As one of the most important foreign exchange earner in tourism and the most rapidly developed area, Phuket was, thus, considered to be a pilot of such planning with issue oriented approach. In the first phase of the project, priority issues including water quality, coral protection, coastal tourism, marine park and institutional analysis were studied. The demonstration projects on coral zonation, mooring buoy installation and on-site treatment plants were carried out at the second phase. Outputs such as Guide lines for Land Use Development for Phuket, Legal and Institutional Framework for CRM, Coral Zonation and Karon Water Management Plan will be the bases for the Phuket Action Plan Development. The National CRM Policy will be developed by the integration of a Policy Paper (based on the Provincial State of the Coast), Phuket Action Plan and Marine Park Management Plan and other studies. The Action Plan will then be integrated into the National coastal Implementation Plan and submitted to the Board of National Environment and Cabinet for the final approval. In this regard, the CRM policy will be inctuded in the Seventh National Economic and Social Development Plan as a framework .
Subject Headings: Case studies | Coastal management | Project management | Islands | Sea water | Developing countries | Parks | Resource management | Water quality | Tourism | Thailand
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