Coastal Resources Management Planning and Implementation for the Fishery Sector Program of the Philippinesby Alan T. White, Univ of Rhode Island, Narragansett, United States,
Nelson Lopez, Univ of Rhode Island, Narragansett, United States,
Abstract: This paper explains the methods being used to plan for and implement a coastal resources management (CRM) component of the Fishery Sector Program (FSP) for the Philippines. The FSP, supported by the Asian Development Bank and implemented by the Department of Agriculture, intends to generate CRM plans through site-specific planning processes and to implement these plans through local government and nongovernment participation. The FSP has six components which are complementary and partly overlapping, these are: fishery resource and ecological assessments; CRM in twelve priority bays; law enforcement; research and extension; credit to promote alternative livelihood options; and fisheries-related infrastructure improvement. The CRM component, which has implications for most of the other components, is being initially implemented in three bays as pilot sites for the FSP. CRM planning entails resource, ecological, socioeconomic, cultural, legal and institutional assessments for management. Formulation of CRM plans is through local government, communities and nongovernment organizations as facilitated by Departments of Agriculture, and Environment and Natural Resources field offices with guidance from the Project Management Office and the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources in Manila. Strategies for the implementation of the CRM plans typically involve the use of community-based resource management schemes. These include municipal marine parks; municipal and bay wide boundaries, zones and use rights for particular areas and resources; artificial reefs; special law enforcement officers at the village level; localized education programs; alternative livelihood projects and bay-wide management councils.
Subject Headings: Resource management | Fish management | Coastal management | Developing countries | Project management | Local government | Bays | Management methods | Philippines
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