Linking CZM With Local Planning and Zoning, Examples of Successful Harbor Management Planningby P. Pogue, Univ of Rhode Island, Narragansett, United States,
Abstract: In September, 1988, the Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management Council initiated the Rhode Island Harbors Management Project. This project calls for Rhode Island municipalities to establish harbor management plans consistent with the Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management Program. Until recently, no state had urged each of its coastal communities to complete a harbor management plan. To assist its municipalities, Rhode Island provides guidelines to help duplicate plans that satisfy state requirements, and simultaneously extends professional, technical and administrative assistance to ensure uniform development of local HMPs. The Rhode Island approach also focused its energies on implementing completed plans. Municipal harbor ordinances were drafted to set the harbor plan in motion. These ordinances addressed a number of concerns. Waterfront districts were created with special development standards unique to these areas. Permanent harbor commissions were established and charged with reviewing all proposed waterfront developments. Harbor management funds were created based on user impact fees, mooring permit fees and taxes from docks. Pro-active involvement by responsible state agencies and affiliated university service organizations have enabled Rhode Island to set a new standard for harbor planning for the 1990's. The work being done in Rhode Island can easily serve as a model for other states and communities that face similar pressures for balancing the uses of our nation's vital coastal resources.
Subject Headings: Ports and harbors | Coastal management | Islands | Resource management | Zoning | Project management | Sea water | Local government | Fees | North America | United States | Rhode Island
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