Oil-Spill Contingency Planning for OCS Operationsby Elmer P. Danenberger, Minerals Management Service, Herndon, United States,
Abstract: Oil-spill preparedness and response have been an important part of the Minerals Management Service (MMS) regulatory program since the Santa Barbara spill in 1969. The focus of the spill response program is on contingency planning, response training, and deployment exercises and drills. Oil-spill contingency planning requirements pertain to trajectory analyses, response times, response equipment and strategies, dispersant use, equipment maintenance and inspection, designation of response teams, notifications and communications, monitoring spill movement, and disposal of recovered materials. The training requirements are intended to assure that the designated response personnel are properly trained to perform their assigned functions, as outlined in the contingency plan. The MMS considers surprise response drills to be a particularly important way of evaluating response preparedness. Efforts are being made to tailor spill response requirements to specific facilities and locations as well as to incorporate research data into the contingency planning process.
Subject Headings: Hazardous materials spills | Risk management | Offshore platforms | Training | Wells (oil and gas) | Disaster preparedness | Drilling | Equipment and machinery
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