Golf Course Development Concerns in Coastal Zone Managementby J. Heyward Robinson, South Carolina Coastal Council, Charleston, United States,
H. Stephen Snyder, South Carolina Coastal Council, Charleston, United States,
Abstract: The rapid growth of golf course development in South Carolina's coastal zone presents new challenges in protecting coastal water and wetlands. While filling or dredging of wetland resources for golf course development is a practice of the past, golf course designers make every effort to maximize their proximity to wetland resource areas. Coastal zone management concerns associated with golf course development include the protection of adjacent wetland resources from (1) nutrient and chemical laden storm water runoff, (2) aerosol from 'fertigation,' a mixture of fertilizer and irrigation water, and treated effluent irrigation systems, and (3) physical impacts associated with wetland crossings, play-through areas, and player intrusion. This paper first provides a brief overview of current literature associated with the use of chemicals on golf courses and their impacts on man and the coastal environment. The paper then focuses on best management practices which can be utilized in the physical design and management of golf courses to minimize impacts on coastal resources, drawing upon examples from golf courses recently constructed or currently under development in coastal South Carolina.
Subject Headings: Coastal management | Wetlands (coastal) | Sea water | Water pollution | Stormwater management | Chemicals | Water resources | Resource management | South Carolina | North America | United States
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