Geographic Information Systems Technology for Environmental Infrastructure Networksby Mehmet D. Kutsal, Camp Dresser & McKee Inc, Walnut Creek, United States,
Abstract: The recent developments in the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) industry have captured the attention of many professionals who regularly deal with the management of real-world geographic features and facilities. One field experiencing a positive impact as a result of this is Environmental Engineering. While the advances made in the hardware industry and the available geographic data are very quantifiable and the true nature of their contribution to dealing with infrastructure networks immediately evident, the world of the GIS industry includes many technologies and the choice of technology and application approach are complicated. For example, a parcel based GIS package is not the best fit for modeling a wastewater collection system although it is possible. As is the case with any emerging new industry, the GIS industry is beginning to bear fruit for many qualified and complete solutions to real Environmental Engineering problems as well as spawning unqualified and incomplete ones. This paper will provide an overview of the GIS industry as it applies to Environment Engineering as well as that of 'Network Information Systems' NIS, a new GIS technology for dealing with infrastructure networks.
Subject Headings: Geographic information systems | Information systems | Industries | Environmental issues | Infrastructure | Systems management
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