Archaeological Program for the Yucca Mountain Siteby Lonnie C. Pippin, Desert Research Inst, Reno, United States,
David Rhode, Desert Research Inst, Reno, United States,
Abstract: Archaeological surveys, limited surface collections and selected test excavations in the Yucca Mountain Project Area have revealed four distinct aboriginal hunting and gathering adaptive strategies and a separate historic Euroamerican occupation. The four aboriginal adaptations are marked by gradual shifts in settlement locations that reflect changing resource procurement strategies. Whereas the earliest hunters and gatherers focused their activities around the exploitation of toolstone along ephemeral drainages and the hunting of game animals in the uplands, the latest aboriginal settlements reflect intensive procurement of early spring plant resources in specific upland environments. The final Euroamerican occupation in the area is marked by limited prospecting activities and travel through the area by early immigrants.
Subject Headings: Radioactive wastes | Archaeology | Surveys (non-geomatic) | Procurement | Excavation | Adaptive systems | Historic sites | Drainage
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