Degradation Mode Surveys of High Performance Candidate Container Materialsby G. E. Gdowski, Lawrence Livermore Natl Lab, Livermore, United States,
R. D. McCright, Lawrence Livermore Natl Lab, Livermore, United States,
Abstract: Corrosion resistant materials are being considered for the metallic barrier of the Yucca Mountain Project's high-level radioactive waste disposal containers. Nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloys and titanium alloys have good corrosion resistance properties and are considered good candidates for the metallic barrier. The localized corrosion phenomena, pitting and crevice corrosion, are considered as potentially limiting for the barrier lifetime. An understanding of the mechanisms of localized corrosion and of how various parameters affect it will be necessary for adequate performance assessment of candidate container materials. Examples of some of the concerns involving localized corrosion are discussed. The effects of various parameters, such as temperature and concentration of halide species, on localized corrosion are given. In addition, concerns about aging of the protective oxide layer in the expected service temperature range (50 to 250°C) are presented. Also some mechanistic considerations of localized corrosion are given.
Subject Headings: Corrosion | Radioactive wastes | Radioactive materials | Hazardous materials | Waste disposal | Alloys | Parameters (statistics) | Temperature effects
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