Preliminary National Evaluations of CO2 Emission Controlsby Douglas Hill,
Abstract: Under the aegis of the International Energy Agency, several countries have begun making comparable studies of the cost-effectiveness of various measures to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide from their energy systems. Candidate measures include energy conservation, fuel switching, substitution of new technology including the use of renewables and nuclear energy, and--conceivably--direct emission abatement. These alternatives have been evaluated using the MARKAL mathematical model to portray the evolving national energy systems over the next several decades. The prospects of making the carbon dioxide emission reductions recommended by the Toronto International Conference on the Changing Atmosphere vary among the countries. Preliminary results are reported for Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Switzerland.
Subject Headings: Emissions | Carbon dioxide | Mathematical models | Mathematics | Energy efficiency | Energy measurement | Nuclear power | Europe | Toronto | North America | Ontario | Japan | Asia | Netherlands | Canada
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