A Mathematical Model for Transport and Mixing of Oil Slick in Rivers

by Hung Tao Shen, Clarkson Univ, Potsdam, NY, USA,
Poojitha D. Yapa, Clarkson Univ, Potsdam, NY, USA,
De Sheng Wang, Clarkson Univ, Potsdam, NY, USA,
Xiao Qing Yang, Clarkson Univ, Potsdam, NY, USA,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Hydraulic Engineering

Abstract: A two-layer two-dimensional mathematical model for transport and mixing of oil in rivers is presented. In this model, oil in the river is considered to consist of a surface slick moving on the water surface and a layer containing suspended oil droplets extending over the depth of the flow, with continuous exchanges of oil between the two layers. Oil slick transformation processes considered in the model include: advection, mechanical spreading, turbulent diffusion and mixing, evaporation, emulsification, dissolution, shoreline deposition, and sinking.

Subject Headings: Hazardous materials spills | Mathematical models | Hydrologic models | Mathematics | Two-dimensional models | Rivers and streams | Water surface | Water pollution

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