Misapplication of the FEMA Alluvial Fan Model: A Case Historyby Jonathan E. Fuller, Pima County Flood Control Dist, Tucson, United States,
Abstract: The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) recently issued revised Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRM) for the Tortolita piedmont, located northwest of Tucson, Arizona. Floodplain delineations shown on the revised FIRM are based on FEMA's alluvial fan methodology. Floodplain management of the piedmont using the revised FIRM is hampered by the flawed theoretical basis of the model, by technical deficiencies in the application of the FEMA alluvial fan model to the Tortolita area, as well as by shortcomings in the flood zone designations used on the FIRM.
Subject Headings: Federal government | Case studies | Alluvial channels | Floods | Finite element method | Hydrologic models | Mapping | Emergency management | Stormwater management | Insurance | Arizona | North America | United States | Tucson
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