Assessing Nonpoint Pollution Potential of Surface Waters Using a Geographic Information Systemby Patrick N. Deliman, Texas A&M Univ, United States,
Mary Leigh Wolfe, Texas A&M Univ, United States,
Abstract: The use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to determine the susceptibility of surface waters to nonpoint pollution is described. The Geographic Resources Analysis Support System (GRASS) developed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Construction Engineering Research Laboratory was used in the study. The methodology was applied to dairy operations in Erath County, Texas. Existing spatial data including elevation, soil descriptions, location of dairies, and location of streams and tributaries were digitized into GRASS. Analysis tools in GRASS were used to assess the potential impact of the dairies on the quality of surface water in the study area. The information provided from the study indicates that the GIS can be used effectively for siting new dairies as well as identifying current areas of pollution susceptibility.
Subject Headings: Geographic information systems | Nonpoint pollution | Information systems | Surface water | Water pollution | System analysis | Vegetation | Construction engineering | North America | Texas | United States
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