Causes and Possible Control Measures of Flood in Bangladesh

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by Jobaid Kabir, Lower Colorado River Authority, United States,
Nadira Kabir, Lower Colorado River Authority, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Optimizing the Resources for Water Management

Abstract: Intensity and frequency of occurrence of devastating floods in Bangladesh have increased significantly over the past two decades. Large scale deforestation in the upstream reaches of Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna Rivers in India, Nepal, China, and Bhutan are causing increased flows of water and sediment to these rivers. Barrages constructed at the upstream reaches in India are being operated without sufficient coordination with the downstream conditions at Bangladesh. As a result, flood flows are more severe than they would have been without their existence. Regional and local flood control measures are essential for alleviating this annual tragedy.

Subject Headings: Developing countries | Floods | Rivers and streams | Flow measurement | Structural control | Flood frequency | River flow | Water flow | Asia | Bangladesh | India | Nepal | China | Bhutan

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