Applications of Computer Graphics in Constructionby Kenneth F. Reinschmidt, Stone & Webster Advanced Systems, Development Services, United States,
Ronald J. Zabilski, Stone & Webster Advanced Systems, Development Services, United States,
Abstract: Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation has implemented an integrated computer system for engineering, design, construction planning, and project management based on a relational database management system and three-dimensional computer graphics. This system provides a single source of accurate geometric and non-geometric data for all participants in the construction project. In the current Stone & Webster system, the physical design process is based on three-dimensional computer modeling. These computer models replace physical models for the development of arrangements and layouts. The 3-D model also eliminates interferences between disciplines (structural, mechanical, and electrical). The construction planner uses the 3-D computer model to evaluate the constructibility of the design and to develop a construction sequence model. The planner uses the 3-D graphical model to simulate the process of construction and to determine the most effective construction methods and sequences. As the 3-D model is a true solid model, the system can automatically compute the volume or area of all materials in each work package. These and other aspects of the subject are discussed.
Subject Headings: Three-dimensional models | Computer models | Construction management | Physical models | Construction methods | Computer software | Graphic methods | Systems engineering
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