Utilization of Specificationsby Preston W. Kelley, Dep of Transportation, United States,
Abstract: Project specifications need to be practical, enforceable, and above all must be clear and specific enough to enable any competent builder to understand them, bid on them and carry them out with as little confusion as possible. The paper discusses implementation of these concepts at the California Department of Transportation (CALTRANS), where approximately 800 highway contracts annually at an annual construction cost in excess of a billion dollars are advertised and administered. The cornerstone of these highway contracts is the 'Standard Specifications'. These specifications cover the general provisions (regulations and legal requirements) of the contract and also stipulate the materials, methods of construction when necessary, and the measurement and payment for the majority of all highway work. These and other aspects of the subject are discussed.
Subject Headings: Infrastructure construction | Construction materials | Construction methods | Highway engineering | Bids | Construction costs
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