The Use of Distributed Rainfall-Runoff Models Based on GIS at Different Scales of Informationby A. Brath, Univ of Basilicata, Italy,
P. La Barbera, Univ of Basilicata, Italy,
M. Mancini, Univ of Basilicata, Italy,
R. Rosso, Univ of Basilicata, Italy,
Abstract: The effects of spatial variability of soil type and land use on basin response are investigated. This is modelled thorugh a distributed approach specifically designed for calibration from GIS describing soil type, land use and topography. Increasing scale of aggregation of absorption model results in smoothing flood hydrograph and underestimating flood volume. This result emphasizes the major role of scale effects in distributed modelling.
Subject Headings: Rainfall-runoff relationships | Soil classification | Land use | Geographic information systems | Scale models | Hydrologic models | Floods | Topography
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