Feasibility of Artificial Recharge to the Oakes Aquifer, Southeastern North Dakota

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by Robert B. Shaver, North Dakota State Water Commission, United States,
William M. Schuh, North Dakota State Water Commission, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Artificial Recharge of Ground Water

Abstract: Based on measured well yields, initial surface infiltration rates, and ground-water quality, the Oakes aquifer can support a large-scale artificial recharge-irrigation project. An aquifer test conducted using an irrigation well completed in the channel-fill deposits in the area most feasible for development indicated a transmissivity of 94,000 feet squared per day. Individual well yields of about 3,000 gallons per minute are attainable. A surface-infiltration test conducted in sands overlying the channel-fill deposits in this area, indicated an initial infiltration rate of 2.5 feet per day, sufficient to support large-scale surface artificial recharge facilities. Ground water in the channel-fill deposits is suitable for irrigation use. A finite-difference model of the Oakes aquifer indicates that the channel-fill deposits could sustain withdrawals required to meet periods of peak irrigation demand.

Subject Headings: Aquifers | Artificial recharge | Groundwater quality | Feasibility studies | Light rail transit | Hydrologic models | Water pollution | Irrigation | Infiltration | Wells (water) | North America | North Dakota | United States

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