Thoughts on the History and Current Practice of Foundation Engineering in North Americaby Victor Milligan, Golder Assoc, Canada,
Abstract: With the publication of 'Erdbaumechanik' in 1925, the behavior of soils was explained in terms of numerical physical properties and the principles of what became known as 'soil mechanics' were defined. This new subject then formed the 'scientific' basis of foundation engineering practice. Over the past fifty years, much of the practice has gradually changed from 'soil and foundation' engineering to 'geotechnical' engineering as applied to a wide range of civil, mining and environmental projects. In such projects, the practice of geotechnical engineering has taken a prime rather than a subsidiary role.
Subject Headings: Foundations | Engineering history | Soil strength | Pile foundations | Soil pressure | Numerical methods | Publications | North America
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