Modal Parameter Identification of an Offshore Platform from Earthquake Response Records

by A. B. Mason, Chevron Oil Field Research Co, United States,
J. L. Beck, Chevron Oil Field Research Co, United States,
J. Chen, Chevron Oil Field Research Co, United States,
R. R. Ullmann, Chevron Oil Field Research Co, United States,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Seismic Engineering: Research and Practice

Abstract: The Whittier Narrows earthquake on October 1, 1987, was recorded by the earthquake monitoring system on an offshore platform installed in a water depth of 97 m in the Santa Barbara Channel. In addition to structure response, soil-motion recordings were obtained at two locations in a well conductor directly beneath the platform. Using these soil motions as input, the output-error approach was used to identify optimal modal parameters. The dynamic behavior of the structure was modeled as a linear system having classical normal modes. The recorded response was adequately modeled by four sway modes plus a torsion mode. Identification of reasonable natural frequency and damping values was straightforward. Selection of plausible mode shapes was somewhat more complicated.

Subject Headings: Earthquakes | Soil analysis | Parameters (statistics) | Offshore platforms | Ground motion | Structural behavior | Natural frequency

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