The Human Element in Space: Lessons from Antarcticaby Ph.D. Palinkas, US Naval Health Research Cent, United States,
Abstract: The human ability to adapt and perform in an extreme environment during periods of prolonged isolation is influenced by a number of social, cultural, and psychological parameters. These parameters must be taken into consideration in the design, construction, and operation of space facilities and offworld bases. This paper describes the human experience in the Antarctic and examines its relevance to the design and operation of manned space facilities and offworld communities.
Subject Headings: Human factors | Space exploration | Building design | Parameters (statistics) | Cultural diversity | Social factors | Space colonies | Antarctica
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