Discharge Measurement by Thermal Dilution

by Ingrid M. Kattnig, Water Engineering & Technology, Inc, United States,
Steven R. Abt, Water Engineering & Technology, Inc, United States,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Hydraulic Engineering

Abstract:

A flume study was conducted to develop and improve the thermal dilution method of discharge measurement in trapezodial channels. The study was performed in an indoor channel with dischages ranging from 2 cfs to 4 cfs and Froude numbers ranging from 0.28 to 0.56. Improved vertical mixing was achieved through the use of a passive turbulence inducer placed perpendicular to the flow. The mixing distance required for the injectate to be adequately mixed in the flow was a function of the flow depth and the channel roughness expressed in terms of Manning's n.



Subject Headings: Dilution | Temperature measurement | Temperature distribution | Thermal effects | Thermal pollution | Channel flow | Open channels | Distance measurement

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