Small-Scale Hydro Power in Cold Climatesby Bo Bergander, VBB/SWECO, Stockholm, Sweden,
Abstract: Small-scale hydro power is mostly developed under more pressing economical conditions than large hydro. It is therefore of great importance that the operation and maintenance costs are kept to a minimum. Small-scale hydro power plants in cold climates must be designed to meet the effects of different kinds of ice, ice runs, snow and cold. For economical reasons these plants are almost always operated automatically which, furthermore, makes it still more important that the design should be made with great consideration paid to the climatic conditions. Handoel Mini Hydro Power Plant situated in northern Sweden is an example of a small-scale hydro development in an area with heavy winter conditions.
Subject Headings: Power plants | Hydro power | Cold regions | Ice | Cold region construction | Economic factors | Maintenance | Snow | Europe | Sweden
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