Multiple Presence Reduction Factors for Bridgesby Leslie G. Jaeger, Technical Univ of Nova Scotia, Halifax, NS, Can,
Baidar Bakht, Technical Univ of Nova Scotia, Halifax, NS, Can,
Abstract: This paper reviews the multiple presence reduction factors specified in the AASHTO and Ontario codes, and provides a method by which these factors can be established in relation to volume of traffic. It is shown that the volume of traffic has a considerable influence on the reduction factors. The paper proposes a set of reduction factors which are applicable to both the AASHTO and Ontario codes; it also presents charts with which realistic estimates of the reduction factor can be obtained for particular bridges and for given densities of traffic.
Subject Headings: Bridge design | Bridges | Highway bridges | Traffic volume | Highway and road design | Load factors | Live loads | Standards and codes | Structural reliability | North America | Ontario | Canada
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