Accuracy of Computed Water Surface Profilesby Darryl W. Davis, Hydrologic Engineering Cent, Davis, CA, USA,
Michael W. Burnham, Hydrologic Engineering Cent, Davis, CA, USA,
Abstract: Stream cross-sectional geometry obtained from aerial surveys (aerial spot elevations and topographic maps) that conform to mapping industry standards are more accurate than is often recognized. Cross-sectional geometry obtained from the aerial spot elevation surveys is about twice as accurate as cross-sectional geometry obtained from topographic maps derived from aerial surveys for the same contour interval. The effect of aerial spot elevation survey or topographic mapping accuracy on the accuracy of computed water surface profiles can be predicted using the mapping industry accuracy standards, reliability of Manning's coefficient, and stream hydraulic variables. The reliability of the estimation of Manning's coefficient has a major impact on the accuracy of the computed water surface profile.
Subject Headings: Topographic surveys | Mapping | Cross sections | Geometrics | Aerial surveys | Water surface profiles | Rivers and streams | Surveys (non-geomatic)
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