The Swedish Dioxin Moratoriumby Olle Åslander, Natl Swedish Environmental, Protection Board, Solna, Sweden,
Abstract: Municipal waste constitutes an energy resource but also an environmental problem. In Sweden emissions of dioxines from waste-to-energy plants have triggered a major debate on environmental policies as regards waste disposal. In 1985/86 a moratorium on building new waste-to-energy plants was proclamated in Sweden. In about a year's time a major governmental investigation on new policies was completed. The moratorium was then lifted in June 1986. Waste incineration is deemed acceptable from an environmental standpoint provided new stiff emission requirements are fulfilled. A programme for retrofitting the existing 25 waste-to-energy plants in Sweden is now well ahead.
Subject Headings: Chemical compounds | Environmental issues | Energy conversion | Waste disposal | Emissions | Incineration | Municipal wastes | Public policy | Europe | Sweden
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