Environmental Mitigation Techniques for Marina Developmentby Jeffrey A. Layton, Layton & Sell Inc, Redmond, WA, USA,
Abstract: The paper discusses a coastal design process entitled 'Design by Mitigation'. It describes a series of mitigation measures and techniques which can be used to expedite the regulatory approval process for Puget Sound marina development. The design process consists of two main elements: (1) rapid identification of potential adverse impacts which could occur from construction and operation of the proposed marina, and (2) early incorporation of specific engineering and environmental measures that mitigate the potential impacts. Specific mitigation measures are grouped into three categories: (1) coastal engineering mitigation techniques, (2) habitat enhancement and replacement mitigation techniques and (3) marina operational mitigation techniques. These techniques are adaptable for other types of shoreline development in Puget Sound and can be applied to other coastal regions.
Subject Headings: Ports and harbors | Environmental issues | Coastal processes | Coastal environment | Construction management | Sustainable development | Washington | North America | United States
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