Offshore Oil and Gas NPDES Permits: Creative Solutions—Three Case Studiesby Virginia Fox-Norse, US EPA, Washington, DC, USA,
Abstract: The U. S. EPA has responsibility under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to maintain and enhance the quality of the Nation's waters. Section 402 of the CWA authorizes EPA to issue National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits for point source discharges to the waters of the U. S. , including ocean waters of the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) for oil and gas exploration, development and production facilities. Case studies illustrate how EPA has resolved or proposed to resolve different permitting issues in 3 OCS lease sale areas. The planning areas discussed include: 1) offshore Southern California, an area of maturing OCS oil and gas operations; 2) the Mid-Atlantic, site of several lease sale proposals with no commercial discoveries to date; and 3) the St. George Basin, in the southern Bering Sea offshore Alaska, site of 2 lease sale proposals.
Subject Headings: Case studies | Water discharge | Offshore platforms | Permits | Water pollution | Environmental Protection Agency | Clean Water Act | Pollutants | Water quality | Light rail transit | North America | United States | Georgia | California | Alaska | Mid-Atlantic states | Bering Sea
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