Marine Mammal Management in Alaska: Problems and Potentialby Dolly Garza, Univ of Alaska, Sitka, AK, USA,
Abstract: Alaska's interest and intent in applying for management of 10 marine mammals has generated both support and opposition and has raised concerns about the development of adequate management programs by either the federal or state government. A change in management from federal to state would effect Alaska Native harvests, allow for non-Native harvests and allow for establishment of regulations and commercial and/or recreational ventures. Changes in the harvesting patterns could alter the structure of the marine mammal stocks. In addition a management change could effect the economic and social structures of those northwestern rural communities which depend on marine mammals for subsistence food and barter. This paper reviews the present status of the state and federal actions, consider the state and federal interests and concerns, and reviews the pros and cons of various management regimes relative to the benefits and disadvantages of each to the various user groups.
Subject Headings: Coastal management | Federal government | Change management | State government | Social factors | Economic factors | Rural areas | Recreation | North America | Alaska | United States
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